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Saturday, February 3, 2018

MOVIE: Pastor Cinque protests the Closing of Good Samaritan Hospital in Ohio and Educates the people about Agenda 21 after dude hollers from car to homeless persons, "GET A JOB!"




Pastor Cinque protests the closing down of Good Samaritan Hospital and an ALDI Supermarket in mainly Black Ohio neighborhood.  The Pastor talks about how Gentrification is a form of Sustainable Development.

Subjects talked about:

- How the NAACP, Premier Health Partners, and others are all collaborated with the Sustainable Development Agenda.
- How that Agenda helped to influence the closing down of Good Samaritan Hospital- a Level 1 Trauma Center with a helipad in a neighborhood with lots of gun shot victims, old people, and environmentally attenuated persons.  Good Sam was "The Black Hospital."
- UN Agenda 21- ICLEI and MVRPC.
- The Water Politics of Mass Regional Gentrification- the purposeful depopulation of the Midwest so corporations can sell all of the potable drinking water to people around the world.
- Food Deserts and the closing down of he ALDI supremarket.

* NOTE some strong language.



















Tough decisions led to Good Samaritan Hospital closing


For months, a group of Premier Health executives contemplated closing Good Samaritan Hospital and the night before the announcement the health system’s board of trustees made the final decision to close the 85-year-old hospital.
A day after the announcement that left many shocked in the community, Premier Health leaders on Thursday reiterated the reasons behind their tough decision and the importance of working with the community when the hospital closes later this year.
Mary Garman, chief operating officer at Good Samaritan, told this media outlet executives had been looking for months at options, including other options besides closing the hospital.
“As the changing dynamics of health care come around, we have to respond to those changes,” Garman said.
The changes at Good Samaritan won’t all come at once, but by the end of the year 1,600 employees will be shifted off site and the Dayton hospital’s main campus will have ceased operations.
Community input will be sought for what comes next for the Good Samaritan Hospital land after most of the hospital buildings are torn down.
Premier Health just launched a three-year strategic plan that includes closing the hospital by the end of 2018.
There’s not a set plan yet for what will happen at the location but the campus will be turned into a shovel ready site, with the main campus buildings razed with the exception of the Five Rivers Health Center and the parking garage.
Premier plans to make a $10 million donation in seed money for the property’s redevelopment.
There’s not a timetable yet for tearing down the main campus, but work won’t happen until hospital operations have ended.
While planning for the future of the site, the hospital network plans to hold meetings with community leaders, focus groups, community events, surveys and workshops to get community input over the next few months.
Premier is working on making a plan for the future of the site with CityWide Development and Planning NEXT, a design firm based in Columbus also working on the fairgrounds redevelopment.
“Unlike other Dayton-based employers, who closed and walked away from Dayton, Premier Health will be working with others to explore the possibilities for redevelopment of the site,” a spokesman said.
Premier’s plan to close Good Samaritan is not the first blow to the surrounding primarily black and low-to-moderate income neighborhoods. The Dayton Daily News previously reported that home values have not recovered in the surrounding neighborhoods. Kroger left, widening the food desert. And Dayton Public Schools is contemplating closing several schools on the west side.
The land will be marketed in an neighborhood where several large lots are already for lease or sale and nearby shopping areas such as the Northwest Shopping Plaza and the former Miracle Lane shopping center both lost many tenants over the past decades.
When asked about the pattern of disinvestment in west and north Dayton, Premier CEO Mary Boosalis noted that Miami Valley Hospital, which is five miles away, already draws about a third of its visitors from the area around Good Samaritan.
She also said the Five Rivers Health Center that will remain at the site is a busy center that will keep services like primary care in the neighborhood.
The population in Dayton has been dropping and half the beds at Good Samaritan are typically empty, so Premier officials say they are responding to changes in the landscape.
One of the programs that has helped the neighborhood is the Phoenix project, which Good Samaritan was a lead partner on and helped leverage more than $125 million in investments around the hospital since 2004.
Premier said the Phoenix Project is an example of neighborhood partnerships that “will not only continue, but are expected to expand.”
What’s next for employees
Ben Sutherly, Premier Health spokesman, said the health network’s goal is to directly reach out to workers to offer other job opportunities within the larger health network, which is the region’s largest private employer with about 13,500 employees.
Premier intends to offer specific job offers and after receiving the job offer, employees will have the opportunity to speak with hiring managers, recruiters, benefits staff and other HR officials.
The last time that a hospital in Dayton closed it was St. Elizabeth’s, which closed in 2000. Bryan Bucklew, president and CEO of the Greater Dayton Area Hospital Association, said when St. Elizabeth’s closed that within six months that around 97 percent of the laid off staff were employed again and most were in the Dayton region.
“There’s demand in the sector for health care employees,” Bucklew said.
The health care industry now has about an $8.1 billion impact and Bucklew said even with the closing of Good Samaritan he expects that number to stay the same or grow as more people use medical services in the region.
What’s staying
There will still be health services at the site since the Five Rivers Health Center, which Premier financially supports, is staying.
The federally qualified health center was built two years ago with 34 exam rooms, two procedure rooms and a 60-seat conference center.
It is about a block away from the main hospital in the west end of the hospital’s Hepburn parking lot.
The health center has about 30 residents and teaching physicians and is home to services like primary care, management of chronic diseases, behavioral health, women’s health, low risk obstetrical care and is a CenteringPregnancy site, which is a prenatal care and support group program that improves birth outcomes.
Catholic roots
The hospitals’ roots stem back to the Sisters of Charity with the Catholic church, who partnered with the city to start to build the hospital in 1928 and open it in 1932.
Premier Health and Catholic Health Initiatives first formed a partnership 25 years ago that was an operating and revenue sharing agreement.
The hospital’s affiliation with the Denver-based Catholic health network however was restructured in recent years so that Catholic Health Initiatives still sponsors the Catholic mission of the hospital, but Premier had the sole authority to make the decision to close the hospital.
“They were committed to putting a hospital here and making these services available,” she said.
Garman said the Sisters of Charity were key stakeholders they had discussions as they looked at what impact their decision would have.
She what services are available and how health care is practiced differently than in past years. The Good Samaritan campus is aging and expensive to maintain, and there’s new health care technology that can let patients skip coming to a hospital or even coming to any medical facility.
“And so that’s when it became even more and more apparent we had to make some pretty big changes,” Garman said.

Unmatched coverage
The Dayton Daily News broke the news on Wednesday that Premier Health will close Good Samaritan Hospital this year. Count on this newspaper to continue our in-depth reporting on the issue.









MORE FOOD DESERTIFICATION FOR OHIO BLACK PEOPLE: Community group leading charge for change as closings continue in west Dayton


Fox 45 NOW



DAYTON, Ohio (WKEF/WRGT) - The ALDI grocery store in Dayton's Westown Plaza is months away from closing for good, making the neighborhood food desert problem even worse.
But Tuesday night, community leaders were starting to come up with some real solutions to make sure residents can still get access to healthy food.
ALDI announced in early December they would close the Dayton store, citing a purely business decision.
"It caught me by surprise, I thought they did pretty good business," said shopper Johnny Staten.
With the store leaving and recent news a hospital is closing too, the community is making plans to be self-sustaining.
Bill Dudley with the Miami Valley Organizing Collaborative said it's time to accept the loss and figure out a real way forward.
"Both losing ALDI and losing Good Samaritan was a huge blow to West Dayton," Dudley said, "but you know, the way that we deal with these issues is not give up."
Tuesday night Dudley held at the second of a series of meetings with stakeholders in the west Dayton community, including city development groups, public health officials and neighborhood associations.

"ALDI is leaving," Dudley said. "That's probably not going to change, but there is existing markets around, and how do we support them and maybe recruit someone else to come into that vacant property."
He continued that one plan being tossed around is to help local neighborhood markets and corner stores improve and expand.
"They would like to work with the existing markets to see what they can do to increase capacity, to increase safety, to increase selection and maybe decrease price," Dudley said.
That plan would require money, so the group is working on any sustainable revenue streams to make this progress.
"We do have the Gem City Market that's in process in Dayton," he said, "and if we could expand the Gem City Market and have other cooperative markets through west Dayton, maybe that's a good way to address not only food insecurity but good jobs in the community."
Staten said it would be tough, but he would support expanding local markets as a solution.
"If you go a mile up the street you've got Food Town, if you go a mile that way you've got More for Less, I mean people will survive," Staten said.
FOX 45 reached out to the grocery chain for an official closure date for the west Dayton store. They responded with a statement, but did not give an official closure.
Dudley said he was informed that the store's lease expires at the end of April, but he feels they will be out before then.




UN





These are excerpts and reading material from some of the Gentrification projects in the Dayton Region under ICLEI sustainable development initiatives- administered by the MVRPC.

The name of the game is to collapse the suburbs into the city via annexation and Metropolitanism.  I agree with this policy.

"Cities without Suburbs, first published in 1993, has influenced analysis of America’s cities by city planners, scholars, and citizens alike. David Rusk, the former mayor of Albuquerque, argues that America must end the isolation of the central city from the suburbs if it is to solve its urban problems.
Rusk’s analysis, extending back to 1950, covers all metropolitan areas in the United States but focuses on the 137 largest metro areas and their principal central cities. He finds that cities that were trapped within old boundaries during the age of sprawl have suffered severe racial segregation and the emergence of an urban underclass; but cities with annexation powers—termed “elastic” by Rusk—have shared in area-wide development.
The fourth edition updates Rusk’s argument using the 2010 Census and the American Community Survey. It provides new material on the difference between population trends and household trends, the impact of Hispanic immigration, and the potential for city-county consolidation. The fourth edition also brings added emphasis to “elasticity mimics”—a variety of intergovernmental policies that can provide some of the benefits of regional consolidation efforts in situations where annexation and consolidation are impossible.
David Rusk is an independent consultant on urban and suburban policy. He is the author of Baltimore Unbound: A Strategy for Regional Renewal and Inside Game/Outside Game: Winning Strategies for Saving Urban America."
- Wilson Center


MVRPC Sustainable Development 
New Dayton Smart Growth City: Phase III

"What is Phase III? The purpose of Phase III is to develop a clear and shared land use vision, represented by the 2040 Regional Growth Framework for the Miami Valley Region. Phase III combines the technical information collected during Phase I and the land use visions articulated in Phase II to select a Preferred Scenario and use it to build the 2040 Regional Growth Framework. The 2040 Regional Growth Framework represents the core values, principles, and characteristics of the Region and its people. It provides an outline for promoting a desired future land use pattern at the regional level and is intended to serve as a resource and guideline to help communities in the Region translate this vision into reality."


Selecting the Preferred Scenario The end result of Phase II was the creation of seven alternate Future Land Use Scenarios, which people around the Region had the opportunity to vote on. Over 1,200 people voted through three venues: • Six Phase II Open Houses • An online survey, and • A mail survey distributed through the Dayton Daily News. The chart on the right shows the final voting results. The Infill/Conservation Development scenario and the Mixed-Themes Development scenario were virtually tied. The Asset-Based Development scenario was voted in third place with 22% of the votes. In addition, a phone survey was conducted to establish a more scientific determinant for the Preferred Scenario. The results indicated that the Infill/ Conservation, Mixed-Themes, and Asset-Based development scenarios were the most supported.


What the People want
Phase III: Building a Clear and Shared Regional Land Use Framework 

AGENDA 2040
GOING PLACES An Integrated Land Use Vision for the Miami Valley Region
What Citizens Want
Asset-Based Development 22%
Business-AsUsual Development 3%
Infill/ Conservation Development
30% Radial Corridor Development
1% Unrestricted Development
4% Mixed-Themes Development
30% Jobs & Destinations Development
8% Multiple Scenarios
2% Scenario Voting Results


Of course, this is not what the Elites want.  That of course is 90% of the land for Human Development and occupation

"What We the Elite Corporations and Consortiums want."



"Another way to look at the effect the Concentrated Development Scenario may have on the Region is to compare it to what is currently planned in the Region for 2040. MVRPC staff have compiled information from local comprehensive plans and through interviews with local planners and officials to determine what kind of development is foreseen for the year 2040. This information was used to determine where the highest concentrations of new population and employment might be located. The map on the left compares the highest concentrations of new population in the Region, while the map on the right compares the highest concentrations of new employment. Overall, the Local 2040 Plans show concentrations occurring on the edges of the Region’s urban areas and beyond. The Concentrated Development Scenario shows the highest concentrations of new population being centered mainly in and around the City of Dayton, in eastern Montgomery and western Greene counties, and in other larger cities scattered throughout the Region, such as the cities of Xenia and Troy. This depiction of the Concentrated Development Scenario again reflects the goal of concentrating new development around regional assets and in areas  that already have the infrastructure in place to support it."




Definition 

"Development in this scenario will be concentrated around regional assets and in areas that already have the infrastructure to support it. The rehabilitation and/or repurposing of vacant and underused structures would be encouraged, along with a more broad commitment to infill development – whether it make use of existing structures or vacant lots. The preservation of agricultural land and other open space would be a priority as well as encouraging more connection and cooperation between the Region’s communities.

Characteristics

- Encourage the rehabilitation and/or repurposing of existing structures.
- Focus on the maintenance of existing infrastructure (roads, water, sewer, etc.).
- Locate any new development in areas with existing infrastructure (roads, water, sewer, etc.).
- Revive the Region’s older communities.
- Preserve prime farmland and support agricultural enterprise.
- Improve the quality of educational opportunities throughout the Region.
- Foster a sense of connection and cooperation between the Region’s communities.
- Increase the number and quality of transportation options (walking, driving, biking, rail, bus service, etc.).
- Encourage development around the Region’s assets.
- Encourage the rehabilitation/reuse of vacant industrial sites.
- Encourage energy-efficient building practices and the retrofitting of older structures for energy efficiency.
- Use land in a way that builds a sense of community.
- Maintain and expand the Region’s parks, natural areas, and recreation amenities (recreation centers, bikeways, rivers, etc.).
- Encourage the development of quality, realistic affordable housing throughout the Region.
- Revive the Region’s core city – the City of Dayton"








"The targeted areas for each of the three populations are the areas identified as containing higher than average percentages of each population, as shown in the maps. Analyses were run separately for these areas both for the 2007 Existing Land Use pattern and for the Concentrated Development scenario.

It is almost impossible to predict where these populations will be concentrated, if at all, in the year 2040. These movements are subject to more community level planning efforts and the construction of new housing, such as new senior or affordable housing complexes.

The areas where the elderly population is currently concentrated will have less development density, less accessibility to amenities and less potential for transit ridership. They will have more accessibility to open space, however.

For areas with larger disabled populations, development density will be around the same or higher than it would be for the rest of the Region, although the potential for transit ridership would be lower. There would, however, be more accessibility to amenities and open space. For areas with more people living below the poverty level, development densities would be higher, as would the accessibility to amenities and open space. The potential for transit ridership, however, would be lower."







WHATS THE PHOENIX PROJECT?

Background

The Phoenix Project is a public-private partnership that is investing millions of dollars for redevelopment activities in the greater Fairview neighborhood of Dayton, Ohio. This neighborhood is home to Good Samaritan Hospital, one of the largest employers in the area.
Like many urban areas, parts of the neighborhood surrounding the hospital had begun to decline and the ravages of predatory lending practices greatly impacted the stability of the housing market. The hospital was very concerned about the impact the neighborhoods had on its ability to recruit and retain staff, to obtain patients, and to protect the safety of visitors to their facility.
The City of Dayton shared a mutual concern about the neighborhood. The economy of Dayton is sluggish and the health care sector is one of the few market segments that are growing. Residents of the four neighborhood associations surrounding the hospital also concerned as they say the decline of their neighborhood on a daily basis.
In 2003 these stakeholders organized to begin research and planning activities that led to a revitalization strategy and adopted Strategic Plan. CityWide is the manager for the project and charged with implementing activities to implement the projects’ strategic plan.

Neighborhood Revitalization Philosophy

CityWide’s approach to neighborhood revitalization considers the qualities of life we all value: safety, affordable housing, nearby parks and public amenities, vibrant retail close by, and friendly neighbors. Experience has taught us that it takes more than bricks and mortar for our projects to be successful. CityWide’s comprehensive approach to neighborhood change – specifically, inclusion of and outreach to residents and emphasis on the development of social capital – sets it apart from other organizations doing similar work. While the most obvious neighborhood revitalization efforts are often physical, such as the demolition of dilapidated properties and the rehabilitation of neighborhood housing, CityWide believes the programs and services that support and enhance family life, such as safety and social supports, are vital parts of a healthy neighborhood. To learn more about CityWide’s approach to neighborhood revitalization click here.

The Phoenix Strategic Plan

The Phoenix Project area covers four neighborhoods in Northwest Dayton, Ohio and a significant portion of the Salem Avenue corridor. The neighborhoods are: Fairview, Sunnyview-Catalpa Park, and parts of the Dayton View Triangle and College Hill. Comprehensive community development requires multiple strategies addressing the civic, physical and economic health of a neighborhood. In 2008, the Phoenix Strategic Plan was adopted with full support of the neighborhoods and the FROC and Northwest Priority Boards. The plan organizes our work into four basic categories: Neighborhood Stability and Capacity Building; Acquisition, Demolition and Land Assembly for Development; Housing and Community Image. Click here for a copy of the plan.


The Phoenix Project was a test bed to grab the area up for future deep gentrification.  The intention was to land grab, and never have a neighborhood of single family homes.  The next stage is to force deterioration of the surrounding areas, while creating weak replacement businesses (disposable businesses/retail that are used to say a temporary project is "revitalized") to distract the community away from even longer term plans of Gentrification, which involves the reduction, first.  Then, leading to the total destruction of single family homes.  Either Apartment condos and mixed used high rises eventually replace these areas, or the area is "Rewilded" and turned into green spaces.

This usually involves the displacement of minority populations into small towns or very large cities with thirsty police departments that find ways to disappear people in penitentiaries.  However, this is beneficial and supportive to our "Integrate Everywhere" agenda.


The Truth is, Dayton to water  and Flint to water is like a Saudi city to Oil.  Bottling companies like to produce product in Dayton, because of it's plentiful water supply.


Dayton- a place with so much water that water washes down from the area's hilly sections into valleys, flat lowland areas, and higher ground hollows causing flooding in specific areas requiring extensive drainage systems.  The runoff from these drainage systems replenishes the extensive aquifer the city sits on.



CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION IN DAYTON, OH 

From: University of Michigan

"Page 6

Extreme precipitation events may lead to damage from flooding and water contamination from sewer overflows (IJC, 2003). More information about historic and projected climate change impacts for the Dayton area can be found in the Climate Resources – City of Dayton file.

TABLE 2 PROJECTED CLIMATE CHANGES AND POTENTIAL IMPACTS

Projections adopted from Pryor 2013; GLRA 2000; Bulkeley et al. 2010; and Hinderer 2010

Change in Climate Possible Impact Potential urban planning related impacts 
Increase in temperature 
 Increased frequency of heat wave occurrences and intensities
 Deteriorated air quality
  Damage to energy efficiency and transmission structure
 Increased urban heat island effect
 Health impacts on vulnerable population (increased heat mortality, heat stress, disease outbreaks etc.)  Food security access (high food prices)
 Increase in energy prices and demand
Changes in Precipitation 
 Heavy rainfall
 Ground water depletion and possible water shortages
 Flooding and erosion
 Damage to food production and supply
 Water shortages"

Water Shortages would come from the selling of Dayton Aquifer water to Corporatists for pennies on the dollar.

The real reason why Dayton like Flint the rest of the Midwest is being depopulated.


Dayton, a city in the Midst of an underground Saudi Arabia of Water.


Water softens in giant pools at the water treatment plant in Dayton, Ohio.



Water softens in giant pools at the water treatment plant in Dayton, Ohio. - 





Dayton’s Mad River well-field is on a grassy island in the middle of one of the city’s three major rivers. Phil Van Atta, head of Dayton’s water treatment operation, says the wellfield, where the city pumps up groundwater from the Great Miami Buried Valley Aquifer, is one of his favorite places. The shallow sand and gravel aquifer in some places lies just feet below the ground, and its 1.5 trillion gallons of freshwater is constantly recharging from the rivers and rainfall.
“We’ve got loads of capacity now,” he says. “We would love to see more demand, more industry come in. Not just to increase their demand for water, but also so there are more jobs available to people in this area.”
Dayton’s population has stagnated in recent years due to the foreclosure crisis and loss of industry. In Dayton, both crises hit years before they tore apart the national economy. But now the city may be on the cutting edge again. As states like California face major water shortages, city officials here sense a business opportunity.
Almost all local jurisdictions draw from the Great Miami Aquifer, and Dayton’s water treatment system serves 400,000 in the city and surrounding Montgomery and Greene Counties. The self-filtering, self-recharging freshwater supply, along with the rivers, once made Dayton attractive to water-intensive industries in the 19th century.
Mills, factories, and countless little breweries lined the river before Prohibition, and Dayton was a hub of innovation and wealth. The airplane, the cash register, the self-start automobile ignition, and the pop-top soda can were all invented here. But now, that’s just a distant memory.
“We lost all the GM plants and the Delphi plants and the parts plants associated with those plants,” says Van Atta, turning his truck onto the gravel road that makes a loop around the island.
Tens of thousands of jobs evaporated — the final blow was when GM left in 2008. “That was a big hit on our water demand,” he says.
Now, dozens of out-of-use wells dot this island; Van Atta says they rotate them in and out of use following a reduction in demand of over 25 percent since 2008.
And yet, Dayton is betting that water will be the key to turning things around.
'We're running into limits'
U.S. census numbers reveal that in recent years the population has been virtually flat or shrinking in places like Ohio, Illinois, and Michigan, where there’s tons of water. The biggest areas of growth are in the west and southwest, where water scarcity is a growing emergency. Parts of Texas have seen the worst droughts on record for four years and counting, and California’s facing much the same.
“We’re running into limits,” says Peter Gleick, the head of the Pacific Institute, a nonprofit research organization in Oakland, California. “The Colorado River no longer reaches the sea in an average year because humans use all of the flow. We’re over-pumping groundwater aquifers in the western U.S...In the past we’ve sort of assumed enough water would always be available, and I think we can no longer assume that’s going to be the case.”
The parched conditions affect everything from food prices to energy spending to the intensity of wildfires. Climate change means this is probably just the beginning.
“Some of these southwestern cities that not only have water scarcity problems, but are gonna start to see more and more costs for energy, for cooling, more and more uncomfortable extreme heat days,” he says. “In that kind of situation I think it’s possible that we may see a change in the kind of migration we’ve seen over the latter part of the 20th century, maybe back to some of these population centers in the midwest and in the east.”
Dayton calling
“Back to the midwest” — that phrase is music to Karen Thomas’s ears. Thomas is the head of water marketing for Dayton.
“We have an abundant water source,” she says. “We don’t believe that we would have to worry about water.”
The water in the vast underground aquifer is usually out of sight, but it’s up to Thomas to make it visible, and sell it. Efforts in the last few years have included a “Take Back the Tap” campaign to encourage citizens to use Dayton tap water rather than bottled water. Officials have also reached out to companies in water-stressed areas, pushing Dayton as a cheap alternative.
Thomas thinks this is what could put Dayton back on the map.
“Water is a public good, but it’s also a commodity,” she says.
An economic development team in Dayton has conducted talks with several food processors, manufacturers, and beverage makers that could use an inexpensive and abundant supply of water. Companies that choose Dayton would face little of the regulation placed on water diversions in the Great Lakes basin; here, if you can drill a well, you can drain it.
“If they’re looking for water, this would be a great place to relocate to,” says Thomas.
You can't make beer without water
Dayton’s water pitch may sound like something out of a post-apocalyptic sci-fi movie, but it’s not all that far-fetched.
“You know people turn on the tap and they think water’s free, they just assume it’s gonna be there,” says Peter Kruger, master brewer at Bear Republic brewery in California, north of San Francisco.
“There was a period in early February where the governor listed 17 cities in California that were within a hundred days of running out of water,” he says, “and our brewpub in Healdsburg was one of those towns, and our production brewery in Cloverdale was another.”
In the brewing industry, water isn’t negotiable — most of it is used for cleaning equipment and of course for the beer itself, which is why Kruger is nervous. I called him to hear about the work they’re doing to conserve, but he says they are actually considering a move.
“We have talked about other locations for a brewery that are not as water-stressed as California is.”
They’ve looked at Pennsylvania, Wisconsin — and yes, even Ohio.
But Karen Hobbs, a senior policy analyst with the Natural Resources Defense Council, is not on board with the idea.
“These are difficult economic times. But the troubling part about marketing water resources I think is that it tends to devalue that asset,” she says.
Hobbs thinks clean water in the Great Lakes region comes too cheap. Where she lives in Chicago, almost 2 billion gallons of water a day leave Lake Michigan for use in homes and industry, and drain into the Chicago River, never to be returned or recycled.
Plus, the midwest is not immune to the effects of climate change, like drought or huge storms and floods, which can affect water quality as well as quantity. She says before companies just move to where the water is, they should work harder to reduce, reuse, and recycle.
“There’s lots, lots of low-hanging fruit in terms of improving water efficiency and increasing conservation that companies and individuals can take,” she says.
But Peter Kruger says Bear Republic Brewery is doing a lot of that already.
“Traditionally breweries have used anywhere from 10 to 15 gallons of water to make one gallon of beer,” he says. “Our ratio now is down to 3.5 gallons of water to make a gallon of beer.” They get their water from the Russian River, which has been dramatically low; the company is now putting its own money into sinking a well to access groundwater at the edge of town.
Still, the brewery's water use may not be sustainable in the long run. Kruger says he’d hate to leave beautiful sunny California, but this year has been a reality check.
“Water is really gonna be the challenge our kids and grandkids deal with,” he says. “As there are more people there’s not gonna be more and more water, there’s gonna be less and less clean water. That’s anywhere. That includes Ohio or, you know, the wettest place in the world.”
Betting on a future where water is king
Some people in Dayton believe they’re walking on a liquid gold mine: people may have lost jobs, people, and whole industries, but the Great Miami aquifer is still here.
Though not entirely unthreatened: In the 1980s, the drinking water in Dayton was found to be contaminated with dangerous levels of industrial chemicals. A 1987 fire at a Sherwin Williams paint warehouse had to be allowed to burn for days on end to avoid dousing the plant’s chemicals directly into the aquifer near the wellfield.
Following the fire, Dayton and the surrounding municipalities that use the water system passed stringent drinking water protections that incentivize industry to keep chemical contaminants away from the wellfields. Still, today the city sometimes cleans up industrial chemicals including trichloroethylene (TCE) from the water before it’s sent to the tap.
Now, a handful of local manufacturers are pushing to reduce some of those protections, saying the chemical limits treat smaller businesses unfairly. The city says reduced demand on the wellfields has shrunk the area in need of active protection, and has put forth a controversial proposal to reduce that area by 40 percent.
Even as a public debate over water gets underway, Dayton leaders aren’t concerned about the future water supply. Karen Thomas’s message for master brewer Peter Kruger? Come and get it.
“To be able to turn the faucet on, to get a cup of coffee, to flush your toilet, to take a shower, and the water’s there and it’s clean, why not love water?” she says. “Especially Dayton water!”




Why Nestle pays next to nothing for Michigan groundwater

7.3kshares

LANSING, MI -- To say that Michigan is an ideal state in which to operate a bottled water factory is something of an understatement.
Nestle Waters North America, the world's largest bottled water company, shipped the first bottle from its Ice Mountain plant in Stanwood in May 2002. Since then, the company has extracted billions of gallons of groundwater from underneath Michigan and has paid next to nothing for it.
Michigan, a water-rich state surrounded by four of the five Great Lakes, charges high-volume, self-supplied water bottlers like Nestle and Absopure only $200 per year in paperwork fees to operate. There's no state tax, license fee or royalty associated with the company's extraction of a precious natural resource.
That has not exactly sat well with many Michiganders after it was revealed this fall that the Department of Environmental Quality was ready to sign off on a 167-percent capacity increase on a high-volume well Nestle owns in Osceola County.
The DEQ has since received about 14,000 comments on the Nestle request. Most of them oppose the increased water extraction and a good portion of the debate has involved talk of ending Nestle's free ride and requiring some compensation -- all against the backdrop of the water crisis in Flint, where Michigan is currently fighting in court against the expense of delivering safe water door-to-door.
"The juxtaposition is pretty stark," said Liz Kirkwood, director of the Traverse City nonprofit environmental advocacy group FLOW (For Love of Water).
"It's ironic that the state of Michigan won't pay for bottled water and 100 miles away they are giving away Pure Michigan water for $200 a year at the wellhead."
The notion that Nestle should pay something for the Michigan water it sells for profit appeals to many, but environmental law experts say developing a groundwater tax or pricing scheme could be a tricky endeavor that would likely be fought not just by Nestle, but the combined might of industry, agriculture and possibly even municipal governments -- all of which benefit from the same legal framework that permits Nestle to stick a big straw into Michigan's aquifer.
It's a high bar, but perhaps not insurmountable. Maine, where Nestle gets water for its popular Poland Spring brand, is among several other states that charge at least a minimal amount for extracting groundwater for bottling.
There's even precedent in Michigan for Nestle paying for water. The company actually pays the municipal rate, which is now $2.30 per 1,000 gallons, to the city of Evart for about a quarter of the company's annual bottling supply in Michigan.
Why Nestle really wants more Michigan groundwater

Nonetheless, "just this reaction to the Nestle proposal shows the public has realized how valuable the resource is," said Nicholas Schroeck, director of the Great Lakes Environmental Law Center at Wayne State University.
"I think we might see a push to have some regulations - whether that's fees or some other scheme - that could capture revenue," he said.
What allows Nestle to pump for free?
In Michigan, Nestle extracts water under what's known as the "reasonable use" doctrine, a riparian right with roots in British common law. The doctrine allows landowners use of water on or under theirs and adjacent property as long as that use doesn't adversely impact neighboring ground or surface waters. The philosophy holds that nobody really "owns" the groundwater, but everyone has the right to use it in a reasonable fashion in connection with the overlying land.
"Michigan doesn't really have anything written down anywhere which says 'this is what you can do,'" said Andrew LeBaron, a water quality analyst who tracks usage statistics for the DEQ.
"It's more a lack of stipulations on things that you can't do."
Because the water is below ground and inaccessible for recreational use like fishing and paddling, it's not really considered subject to the public trust doctrine that compels the state of Michigan to protect surface waters for the people. There are, however, some arguments the doctrine should apply to groundwater because what happens to it can affect public trust rights to surface waters.
The reasonable use doctrine is not unique to Michigan. Most states east of the Mississippi River regulate groundwater use under a version of it. Decades of riparian case law have established limitations on reasonable use. Property owners cannot, for instance, cause harmful environmental impacts or dry up a neighboring well by diverting or extracting groundwater.
"The cases are pretty clear that you can't do it if it diminishes the flow and level of streams to any degree," said Jim Olson, an environmental law attorney who co-founded FLOW. "You're taking from everybody else."
"You end up with a tragedy of the commons."
Olson represented the Michigan Citizens for Water Conservation (MCWC) in a nine-year court battle against Nestle that resulted in a 2009 settlement limiting how much water the company could pump from its four wells near Canadian Lakes in Mecosta County. Nestle wanted to pump 400 gallons per minute (gpm) from its Sanctuary Springs wells, but Circuit Court Judge Lawrence Root ruled that rate would harm river tributaries and ordered the pumping stopped.
Nestle appealed, and the case worked its way through Mecosta County Circuit Court, the Michigan Court of Appeals and the Michigan Supreme Court. The eventual settlement limited Nestle pumping to an average of 218 gpm, with restrictions on spring and summer withdrawals from the Sanctuary Springs field.
The case was a big deal. It drew national attention, influenced subsequent state legislation regulating large water withdrawals, and helped prod Michigan and other Great Lakes states to pay closer attention to freshwater resource uses.
Whether Nestle pumping was diminishing stream flows was at the heart of the original dispute -- and remains a bone of contention on the latest request -- but Olson says when the MCWC case reached the Michigan Court of Appeals, the judges in effect modified the reasonable use standard in a way that erased a distinction between on- and off-property water usage.
The court ruled that Nestle pumping wasn't causing environmental harm and remanded the case to a lower court, where it was settled. In a general sense, it extends the legal blanket of reasonable use over water bottling.
"They changed the common law," Olson argues.
Now, "Nestle can argue under the Michigan Court of Appeals decision in 2005 that its pumping is within the scope of its reasonable use, to the extent it isn't harming anybody," he said. "And it doesn't have to pay for it."
Everybody wants spring water
In Michigan, Nestle bottles Ice Mountain, a spring water brand with a label showing a snow-capped mountain that bears absolutely no resemblance to the actual state topography. Michigan is one of eight U.S. states where Nestle extracts spring water for regional brands.
In every state, there have been varying levels of opposition to the pumping.
In Maine, Nestle bottles Poland Spring, an eastern seaboard brand the company calls the best-selling bottled water brand in the U.S. In California and Colorado, Nestle extracts water for the Pacific coast spring brand Arrowhead. In Texas, Nestle bottles Ozarka. In Maryland and Pennsylvania, it bottles Deer Park spring water. In Florida, the spring brand is Zephyrhills.
Only 18 states specifically tax water-bottling factories. Nationwide, the costs for groundwater extraction differ. Some states, like Maryland, charge nothing. Other states charge based on how much water is used. The fee Nestle for pump Ozarka water in Texas is based on acres used. In Maine, there's a $250 base fee plus a sliding-scale fee of $50 per million gallons. Florida charges a well construction fee and consumptive use permit that can cost up to $11,500.
How Michigan water becomes a product inside Nestle's Ice Mountain plant

Regardless of the state and label, each bottle contains essentially the same thing: Calorie-free, essentially flavorless groundwater that meets the U.S. Food and Drug Administration definition of "spring water" because the aquifer from which the water is drawn is shallow and vents to the surface somewhere nearby.
Nestle bottles a nationwide brand, Pure Life, which is sourced from various public supply wells around the country. It's purified water that has been filtered to remove impurities. It's not spring water, which has a higher perceived marketing value based on the notion of natural springs being a source of healing, and varying degrees of dissolved minerals that impart a very subtle flavor.
Nestle isn't the only big straw
Remove the marketing aspect and it would make more business sense to pump from a less environmentally sensitive area than the headwaters of a coldwater trout creek, as Nestle does in Osceola County, said Michigan Trout Unlimited Director Bryan Burroughs.
Michigan Trout Unlimited (MITU) pays close attention to high volume groundwater withdrawals in Michigan and recently defended the process the DEQ used to review Nestle's pumping increase. Although the computer model Michigan uses to asses the environmental impacts of any large water extraction flunked Nestle's initial request, MITU concurred that the assessment tool was being overly conservative and backed-up the DEQ Water Resources Division follow-up site-specific assessment process.
DEQ overruled computer model that flunked Nestle groundwater bid

DEQ's vetting of the Nestle application was completed in a "standard and legally compliant manner," wrote the MITU assessment.
"While we certainly would prefer that all the groundwater near this small trout stream find its way into the stream to ensure the trout's optimal success, Nestle appears to be within their legal rights" under Michigan's water withdrawal law, Part 327 of the Natural Resources and Environmental Protection Act.
Although MITU found no cause to object to the DEQ assessment, Burroughs said the organization is not thrilled about spring water bottling or the increasing prevalence of large amounts of groundwater extraction in Michigan. Since Part 327 was passed in 2008 -- partly in response to Nestle's presence -- more than 3,800 large-quantity water withdrawals have been requested and only about 580 have been either retracted, canceled or denied. That's about one request on par with Nestle's latest application submitted daily for the last seven years.
About 90 percent of the withdrawals are for agriculture, he said.
"This is something the public ought to be paying closer attention to," said Burroughs. Nestle is bottling water for consumption and thus has more scrutiny hoops to jump though, but "there's a lot of other people who are asking to withdraw the same volume or more that are flying under the radar."
Michigan farms, parks and golf courses used 1.37 trillion gallons of water between 2005 and 2014, according to data kept by the DEQ. Most of that water came from groundwater wells for use as irrigation.
5 factors driving water use in Michigan

Drive across the state and it's not hard to spot municipal water towers rising above the treetops. While more than three quarters of Michigan's total drinking water supply comes from the Great Lakes, most inland counties actually rely heavily on groundwater. Michiganders drank, cooked with and bathed in about 782 billion gallons of groundwater between 2005 and 2014.
By comparison, the five self-supplied Michigan water bottling operations the DEQ tracks groundwater withdrawal data on -- Nestle, Absopure Co. in Jackson County, Mill Brook Water Co. in Mecosta County, Shay Water Co. in Saginaw County, and White Cloud Natural Spring Water in Newaygo County -- extracted 4.1 billion gallons between 2005 and 2015. Of the five, Nestle, which used 3.4 billion gallons, was the largest user.
"Good argument" for some kind of tax
"You have to be careful when you talk fees because at some point you have to make a call on what use of water should have a fee tacked on," said Schroeck. The Michigan Legislature would have to dive into the weeds and weigh private and public needs with moral arguments about human rights to water.
"Pumping water and putting it into a plastic bottle is easy for people to understand," Schroeck said. "The type of use is to make money."
Although farmers use water to grow crops for profit, the public view is "that's a different type of cost comparison," he said.
Olson believes Michigan could find the political will to perhaps consider a license fee or severance tax on bottled water, such as what's imposed on removal of nonrenewable resources like oil and natural gas. Although water is a renewable resource, aquifers generally need time to recharge. Bottling sends the water away for consumption, including to states outside the Great Lakes basin.
"There's a good argument Michigan could require a license and a payment because water has always been considered public, and there are aspects of water other than reasonable use that would seem to allow for that," Olson said.
Michigan is going to only see increased pressure to use its abundant resources as global demand for freshwater increases, he said. In that sense, Olson said a fee-based system could actually open the door to more bottling, or possibly weaken the state's ability to fend off water grabs from drought-stricken areas.
Nonetheless, "there is enough legal gray area and importance to what Michigan faces in the future that a serious analysis should be conducted."
"A water ombudsman or trustee is what we need," he said.
What would a tax mean for Nestle and its Ice Mountain plant in Stanwood? Representatives of the company say that if Michigan were to start charging for the groundwater Nestle pumps, closure of the plant is not likely. Nestle is currently investing about $36 million into a plant expansion right now.
"I don't think there would be any intention to leave the state," said Nelson Switzer, chief sustainability officer for Nestle Waters North America.
"If the state was inclined to look into that, we'd be very pleased to be able to sit down and discuss what pricing policy might make sense and how they could make sure the cost that would be levied would go toward the sustainable maintenance of the aquifer system."
Did the DEQ make a procedural error that voids Nestle's water bid?


Public wasn't adequately notified of Nestle water request, says DEQ director

Four wells of Sanctuary Springs




  
















Michigan Governor Sends Letter Requesting that GM Return to Flint Water System
Written by Kristin Moore 
City of Flint 
and Additions by 
Pastor Cnque 
Rise Up and Come out Church


Michigan Governor Sends Letter Requesting that GM Return to Flint Water System, by letting them know Flint water is clean enough to build Automotive parts again.  Yes, the water was so bad in Flint that it was too dirty for even automotive parts to be cleaned properly.  Now imagine what it's doing to the people.  These Bastards!

In January 2017, Governor Snyder supported efforts made by Mayor Weaver by reaching out to officials with General Motors asking them to return to the flint Water system. The City of Flint currently services all of the General Motors (GM) complex on Vanslyke (final assembly, metal stamping, paint shop, new body shop) with the exception of the engine plant.

Now that City Council has approved Mayor Weaver’s water source recommendation (long-term commitment to receive water from GLWA), once GM water quality tests confirm the quality of the GLWA water from the Flint system, officials say GM should fully return to the Flint supply. A move that could increase annual revenues by approximately $500,000.

Letter from Governor Snyder Requests GM Return to Using Water from City of Flint tells them they dont whave water so bad that will corrode engine parts no longer. 

“We appreciate the governor for reaching out to officials at General Motors,” said Mayor Weaver. “Now that a long-term water source has been selected, we certainly hope General Motors will resume using water from the Flint water system. We look forward to having GM as a water customer once again in the very near future.”

So, the Corporations get what they want in clean enough water that auto parts would not corrode?

Will the people of Flint ever get truly clean water?

Will they take it that further step to provide water so clean for the people, that engine parts can be made to a perfect 'Korean Like' standard?

Will it just be business as usual where the corporations get what they want, while the people get less and less of even what they need (much less what they want) by the year?

Proverbs 20:23
Divers weights are an abomination unto the LORD; and a false balance is not good.

Proverbs 11:1
A false balance is abomination to the LORD: but a just weight is his delight.














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